Waking up on Thursday morning 24 February to the news that multiple cities and targets across Ukraine had been the target of unprovoked Russian attacks was everyone’s worst nightmare. However, Putin’s full scale military offensive against Ukraine was not unexpected. The build up of Russian troops on the borders between Russia and Ukraine and Belarus and Ukraine has been going on for weeks whilst in the south more and more Russian warships had been joining manoeuvres in the Azov and Black Sea over the last few months.
Putin’s supposed live announcement broadcast to the world in the dark hours of February 23/24 (depending on which time-zone you are in) was most likely pre-recorded on 21 February at the same time as he announced Russia’s constitutional recognition of the breakaway areas of Luhansk and Donetsk. I was in the Centre for Civil Liberties in Kyiv when the news broke, where I was listening to the heart-rending testimonies of the families of Crimean Tartars who have been imprisoned by the Kremlin.
The full scale war may have just started this week but Russian military aggression against Ukraine has been going on since the illegal annexation of Crimea in 2014, closely followed by Putin’s arming of rebels in the Eastern region of Donbas. He has been ramping it up ever since. The region has seen more than 14,000 deaths as a result of the conflict, but few had been taking much notice, not even the mainstream media. Prolonged conflicts make headlines for a few days and are then relegated to the inside pages before disappearing from the news completely.
Putin and Brexit
In the UK we were too busy with our own domestic problems including Brexit, which was not entirely unrelated to Putin’s game plan which includes sowing chaos, confusion, discord and division, outwitting Western democracies with troll factories engaged in highly effective cyber warfare and disinformation campaigns. We are not immune – even the chair of the North East Ambulance Service stated at a meeting on 24 February that there was “clear and present danger” to NHS functions posed by cyber security threats originating in Russia.
My visit and relationship with Ukraine
I flew to Kyiv on February 19th on the eve of official commemorations for the 8th anniversary of the EuroMaidan also known as the Revolution of Dignity. I was part of a progressive Left delegation led by Mick Antoniw who is a Labour and Co-operative Senedd member and Minister for the Constitution as well as being Counsel General (Welsh equivalent of Attorney General). Also in the delegation were fellow Senedd member and leader of Plaid Cymru, Adam Price, ASLEF General Secretary Mick Whelan, NUM President Chris Kitchen, Yuliya Yurchenko, a Lecturer in Political Economy at the University of Greenwich, and the journalist Paul Mason. Antoniw’s father was a Ukrainian refugee. His cousins are now variously engaged in defending their homeland
My relationship with Ukraine dates from 2011 when I participated in a year long pan-European cultural management exchange project initiated by the philanthropic European Cultural Foundation based in Amsterdam. I was twinned with a jazz festival in the city of Lutsk near the Polish border, one of the many cities targeted in Putin’s initial pre-dawn offensive.
During my time as a Labour MEP I supported various EU initiatives regarding Ukraine’s efforts to strengthen its civil society and democratic structures. In 2018 I was invited to open a hospital in Ivankiv, a city close to Chernobyl where victims of the nuclear disaster (including second and third generations) can receive health care as part of ongoing EU funded programmes in the stricken region. This package also included a replacement shield for the damaged reactor. Russian troops who invaded Ukraine from Belarus had Chernobyl firmly in their sights from the outset, provoking high anxiety at international level. Now the complex is in Russian hands we may yet see the international community held to ransom.
During my four days in Ukraine I stayed with my friends Daria and Murat and their two year old child Platon (Plato). Murat is a highly qualified nuclear engineer who works at a national scientific institute. On Tuesday he was sitting his annual professional examinations into the impact of seismological movements on nuclear infrastructure. Plato was supposed to be at kindergarten but he was running a temperature so Daria kept him at home and he ran around their flat playing hide and seek instead. A bundle of essential items lay by the front door and Murat’s car had a full tank of petrol. The next door neighbour had repeatedly refused the offer of a free flight to Spain from his tech employer. When I last had contact they were all in Murat’s car along with Platon’s grandmother driving towards the border with Poland and Slovakia, posting social media appeals for the world to show international solidarity with their meagre armed forces.
Tens of thousands of Ukrainians are fleeing the major cities, taking refuge with friends and relatives in the countryside or else crossing borders into safe countries. Moldova is one of the poorest countries in Europe but compassion, friendship and solidarity has no price-tag in much of the post-Soviet world. The Moldovan President Maia Sandhu was quick to announce that her country would welcome Ukrainians in need of sanctuary and thousands are expected to arrive.
Our delegation had met with trade unionists, civil society activists, human rights defenders, reservist forces, politicians, ministers and state intelligence agents who gave us detailed numbers of Russian military deployments poised and ready to attack. The sheer numbers of personnel, aircraft, battleships, and field hospitals were eye-watering and the up-to -date map that we were shown clearly demonstrated the largest militarisation in Europe since World War II.
Despite his military background and deep patriotism a senior minister emphasised the need for Ukrainian allies to support a peaceful solution with dialogue and strong sanctions first and foremost. He reminded us that the West has effectively been paying for Russia to invest in its military capability through our embracing of oligarchs close to Putin along with European reliance on Russian energy supplies.
Germany’s reluctance to give up the controversial Nord Stream 2 pipeline had been an ongoing political football throughout much of my political career, but in an announcement that followed Putin’s welcoming of the breakaway regions into the Russian Federation the German Chancellor, Olaf Schloz, finally froze the agreement.
At several meetings with dozens of trade union leaders and activists from the Ukrainian ‘leftist’ Social Movement we heard plenty of criticism of the pivot towards neo-liberalism by the political class in Kyiv. We met inspiring lawyers, students, intellectuals, journalists, transport workers, Queer activists and a nurse called Nina who had stood up to the government and campaigned for better employment rights for health workers, garnering more than 78 thousand Facebook followers in the process. The Deputy Leader of one of the mining unions, a Russian-speaking woman from the contested region in Donbas, countered the false and oft-repeated narrative that Russians in her home town wanted to join the Russian Federation and were subject to genocide, talking of her experiences growing up in a harmonious multi-ethnic community where neighbour helped neighbour.
The Russia Report
Putin has mastered the art of misinformation as we well know from well-documented Russian meddling in our democratic processes and through his state-funded broadcaster RT. The Conservative government conveniently buried the so-called ‘Russia Report‘ which uncovered clear evidence of Kremlin-backed interference in the 2016 referendum, and opened up criticism of links between Leave campaigners, the Tory Party and Russian donors.
No wonder Johnson’s response to Ukraine’s desperate call for strong sanctions was initially so mealy-mouthed and inadequate. It isn’t a good look when the Twitter-sphere is flooded with photos of Liz Truss and co enjoying the company of billionaires married to Putin’s top advisers.
The Social Movement
Meanwhile, the Social Movement reported on our meeting which had been full of hope even as the Russian army continued its build up on the borders. But in less than 24 hours they had released a powerful unequivocal statement condemning Putin’s breaking of international agreements as “a crime of imperialism against peace”, calling for a wholesale abandonment of oligarchic capitalism and global solidarity with social movements in Russia and elsewhere, whilst urging Ukrainians to join the Civil Defence force.
Statement of ‘Sotsialnyi Ruh’: Recognition of LDPR by Russia is criminal play of Russian Imperialism
? Russia’s recognition of the LDPR is a crime of imperialism against peace. The Social Movement considers the legitimacy of the self-proclaimed republics in Ukraine to be an open disregard for the principle of inviolability of territorial integrity. The justification for this step is striking in its absurdity: Putin spoke from the position of a person that wants to correct the “mistakes” of Vladimir Lenin, who recognized the right of nations to self-determination. Russia is unpredictable, as its leadership has made it clear that it is guided not by the rule of law but by imperialist ambitions.
? Only a socialist and democratic Ukraine can resist the oligarchic authoritarianism of the Russian Federation. Preserving the independence of our country depends on abandoning the model of oligarchic capitalism. These include the nationalization of the financial system and strategic enterprises, the confiscation of luxuries, and a ban on capital outflows. Without these measures, the burden of military spending will fall on the poor labor majority of Ukraine. Democratization and the unification of society require the rejection of scandalous decommunization laws.
? Global solidarity is the path to peace in Ukraine. Overcoming the crisis situation is primarily dependent on getting rid of the mistrust that exists between people, who are separated by a border or front line. We reached out to the progressive movements in the West for them to ask for relief of Ukraine’s foreign debt. We wish the Russian left success in the struggle for the demilitarization of Russia. We call on the people of the self-proclaimed republics to fight together with the rest of Ukraine for socialism and freedom. Let’s show that the world is united in the pursuit of peace and a decent life!
#peace #war #Russia #Ukraine #socialism #solidarity
Vitali Klitschko, City Mayor of Kyiv
Our final meeting in Kyiv late on Tuesday afternoon was with City Mayor, Vitali Klitschko, who was famously a world champion boxer in his younger days. It was clear that Klitschko’s steady hand had been largely responsible for the calm atmosphere in Kyiv when we arrived in the city. Despite the increasing international hysteria and media pundits trying to game Putin’s likely strategy, Klitschko had encouraged citizens and the few tourists who remained to continue with their daily lives. However, behind the scenes he had been helping to prepare for a vicious Russian onslaught which came (as our intelligence had predicted) in the night less than 48 hours afterwards.
Klitschko is half Russian. Born in what was is now Kyrgyzstan, he also spent time in Germany and is a passionate European just like the majority of his compatriots (especially young Ukrainians). Like many he was preparing to defend his country by taking up arms. This gentle giant told us there were no bread queues in Ukraine but that the demand for firearms had outstripped supply in every town, village and city. Like many he had also signed up as a reservist.
In another meeting we had met command and control for the Kyiv civil defence forces who had been training volunteers every weekend for months. More than 45% of Ukrainian regular armed forces are women and this enthusiasm to serve one’s country had also permeated the civilian consciousness. Reservists come from all walks of life with veterans from previous conflicts and former UN Peacekeepers training alongside fresh-faced students, manual workers and professional classes. Even members of parliament had signed up to stand shoulder to shoulder with our trade union friends.
The coming hours and days will be a test of this mettle as the Kremlin’s ‘pincer’ movement, almost encircling the country and attacking from three directions, demonstrates that the capital Kyiv is the prize that Putin has set his sights on, most likely decapitating the democratically elected government and installing a puppet administration.
You can help support the Ukrainian people at this moment in history by using the following links. (More will be added in the coming days.)
Berlin-based civil society organisation MitOst have created emergency resources in Ukrainian to share with those directly affected
Here is a list of organisations and ways to help Ukraine.